György Schöpflin: Liberalism, Human Rights, Populism
There is a major tension in Europe, between human rights and conflict resolution. That conflict resolution was the founding principle of European integration is incontestable, but currently that principle is increasingly marginalised in favour of human rights. By defining populism through a series of negative attributions, liberalism has ensured that it has a role in the democratic system, an undesirable one for some, but still better inside it than outside. The binary opposition has given new strength the one between universalism and particularism.
Mark Galeotti: Solidarity, Securitisation, and Europe in an Age of Hybrid Threats
A combination of a multi-platform ‘political war’ being waged by Russia to distract, divide and demoralise the West, and the uncertain environment created by Donald Trump’s election in the USA, demands that Europe take its security more seriously. Beyond more defence spending, this means addressing the governance, legitimacy and cohesion deficits Russia can exploit. This creates a new opportunity for the European Union, to support its member states and provide meaningful solidarity against non-military challenges.
István Gulyás: Autonomy Drafts of Hungarian Minorities in the Post-communist Era – Slovakia in the Mečiar-period (1992-1998)
Our research is aimed at investigating the first administrative reform of the Slovak Republic, ratified on July 24, 1996 (act 221/1996), inclusive of the phenomena that had preceded it. During our research a special emphasis was laid on introducing the issue of how the Hungarian minorities living in Slovakia were affected and discriminated by the reform. Our essay we also survey the autonomy drafts of Hungarian minorities.
Zoltán Lomnici Sr.: Defence of Rights of the National Minorities in the European Union
There was some intention in EU to defend the interest of the Hungarian minorities in Slovakia and Romania. See the matter of Slovakian law forbidding dual citizenship or the sabotage of the returning of the Transylvanian Hungarian church properties. However, the line of thought also points to the fact that the bodies financed by a great budget for the protection of the rights of the EU are not what they could be, and if obvious infringements are committed against the citizen of the Union exercising their rights, everyone washes their hands.
István Stumpf: Governance and Public Policy in Hungary: The first year of the Gyurcsány-Government (2004-2006)
The assumption of this essay: challenges caused by the global economic crisis jointly to these structural, political changes transformed the construction, the nature, and the operation of the executive branch. During the last decades in the separation of powers’ system the state had been rediscovered and governmental power had been appreciated. The presentation takes into consideration the transformation of the separation of powers’ system and the role of the Prime Minister within the executive branch and its affect to the Hungarian administrative system.
In two basic constitutional models: one of the models the traditional courts – headed by the Supreme Court of the State – compare the individual legal norms with the standards of the constitution, and ultimately overrule the statute in concern. So, in this scheme practically all courts implement constitutional judicature, but due to appeals, and legal remedies the Supreme Court of the country is the authentic and principal body of the interpretation of the Constitution. Therefore constitutional judicature is called decentralised in countries of the above range.
Miklós Kozma: The Impact of Western Management Theories on Hungarian Academic Thinking and Business Practice (1956-1982)
How Western management theories were reflected in the academic thinking and business practice of Hungary in the period 1956-1982? This period is widely condemned as “the lost decades” for the development of the market economy. Corporate managers of this period are understood to have been driven more by political directives than business considerations; hence their contribution to the country’s management history is not fully acknowledged. Investigation to provide more clarity on how theorists and practitioners worked at the time.